Retrospective Study Design

Retrospective Study Design from orthoprinciples Courtesy: Dr Ashok S Gavaskar Assistant Editor, Indian Journal of Orthopaedics

Opioids and Muscle relaxants add little benefit in the treatment of Acute Low Back #pain

Naproxen With Cyclobenzaprine, Oxycodone/Acetaminophen, or Placebo for Treating Acute Low Back PainA Randomized Clinical Trial Friedman BW et al. Naproxen with cyclobenzaprine, oxycodone/acetaminophen, or placebo for treating acute low back pain: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA 2015 Oct 20; 314:1572. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2015.13043) Benjamin W. Friedman, MD, MS1; Andrew A. Dym, BS2; Michelle Davitt, MD1; Lynne Holden, MD1; Clemencia Solorzano, PharmD3; David Esses, MD1; Polly E. Bijur, PhD1; E. John Gallagher, MD1 Author […]

Minimally invasive discectomy associated with higher recurrence rates

The safety and efficacy of minimally invasive discectomy: a meta-analysis of prospective randomised controlled trials Int Orthop. 2014 Jun;38(6):1225-34. doi: 10.1007/s00264-014-2331-0. Epub 2014 Apr 11. Chang X, Chen B, Li HY, Han XB, Zhou Y, Li CQ. Department of Orthopedics, Xinqiao Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400037, People’s Republic of China Therapuetic level […]

Limb Preconditioning reduces pain after TKA

Does Limb Preconditioning Reduce Pain After Total Knee Arthroplasty? A Randomized, Double-blind Study Stavros G. Memtsoudis MD, PhD, Ottokar Stundner MD, Daniel Yoo MS, Alejandro Gonzalez Della Valle MD, Friedrich Boettner MD, Anna Maria Bombardieri MD, PhD, Kethy Jules-Elysee MD, Lazaros Poultsides MD, MS, PhD, Yan Ma PhD, Thomas P. Sculco MD Department of Anesthesiology, […]

Patella Denervation improves patient satisfaction following TKA

Patella Denervation in Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty – A Randomized Controlled Trial with 2 Years of Follow-Up Ramnadh S. Pulavarti, Videsh V. Raut, George J. McLauchlan Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Chorley and South Ribble Hospital, Chorley, Lancashire, United Kingdom DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2013.10.017 The Journal of Arthroplasty Volume 29, Issue […]

Fasciotomy Wound closure: VAC Vs Shoelace technique

Wound closure of leg fasciotomy: comparison of vacuum-assisted closure versus shoelace technique. A randomised study. Injury 2014 May;45(5):890-3. Kakagia D(1), Karadimas EJ(2) Drosos G(3), Ververidis A(3) Trypsiannis G(4), Verettas D(3) 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Democritus University in Thrace Hospital, Alexandroupolis, Greece. Electronic address: despoinakakagia@yahoo.com. 2Department of Orthopedics, Democritus University in Thrace Hospital, Alexandroupolis, […]

Cemented Vs Uncemented Femoral Stems in Fracture Neck of Femur

Cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures: 5-year followup of a randomized trial. Langslet E1, Frihagen F, Opland V, Madsen JE, Nordsletten L, Figved W.  Orthopaedic Department, Baerum Hospital, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, 1309, Rud, Norway Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research,April 2014, Volume 472, Issue 4, pp 1291-1299 Level 1 Randomized Control Trial […]

Orthopaedic Resident Efficiency improved by using E-learning Tools

Orthopaedic resident preparedness for closed reduction and pinning of paediatric supracondylar fractures is improved by e-learning: a multisite randomized controlled study. Thomas Hearty, MD, DPT; Max Maizels, MD; Maya Pring, MD;John Mazur, MD; Raymond Liu, MD; John Sarwark, MD; Joseph Janicki, MD   J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2013 Sep 04;95(17):e126. Background: Orthopaedic surgery residents […]

Allogenic Mesenchymal Stem cells useful for Meniscal healing

Adult Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Delivered via Intra-Articular Injection to the Knee Following Partial Medial Meniscectomy A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Study C.Thomas Vangsness Jr.,MD, Jack Farr II, MD, Joel Boyd,MD, David T. Dellaero, MD, C. Randal Mills,PhD, and Michelle LeRoux-Williams, PhD J Bone Joint Surg Am.2014;96:90-8 VOLUME96-A NUMBER 2, JANUARY 15,2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.M.00058 Level of Evidence: […]

Arthroscopy still associated with high recurrence in the treatment of Shoulder Instability

A Randomized clinical Trial Comparing Open and Arthroscopic Stabilization for Recurrent Traumatic Anterior Shoulder Instability Two-Year Follow-up with Disease-Specific Quality-of-Life Outcomes Nicholas G.H. Mohtadi, MD, MSc, FRCSC, DeniseS.Chan, MBT,MSc, Robert M.Hollinshead,MD,FRCSC, Richard S.Boorman,MD,MSc,FRCSC, Laurie A.Hiemstra,MD,PhD,FRCSC, Ian K.Y.Lo,MD,FRCSC, Heather N. Hannaford, BKin, Jocelyn Fredine,BKin,CAT(C), Treny M. Sasyniuk,MSc, and Elizabeth Oddone Paolucci,PhD Investigation performed at the University […]

Metal screw Vs centrally placed polyethylene screw in ACL Reconstruction

Tibial fixation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a prospective randomized study comparing metal interference screw and staples with a centrally placed polyethylene screw and sheath. Am J Sports Med. 2011 Sep;39(9):1858-64. doi: 10.1177/0363546511406234. Epub 2011 May 27.  De Wall M1, Scholes CJ, Patel S, Coolican MR, Parker DA. Background: Tibial side fixation for soft tissue […]

Platelet Rich Fibrin Matrix has a Negative effect on Tendon Healing

  The Effect of Platelet-Rich Fibrin Matrix on Rotator Cuff Tendon Healing, A Prospective, Randomized Clinical Study Scott A. Rodeo, MD*,†,Demetris Delos, MD†,Riley J. Williams, MD†,Ronald S. Adler, MD, PhD†,Andrew Pearle, MD† andRussell F. Warren, MD††Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, The Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York   Investigation performed at Sports Medicine […]

Warmed Irrigation Fluid Does Not Decrease Perioperative Hypothermia During Shoulder Arthroscopy

Warmed Irrigation Fluid Does Not Decrease Perioperative Hypothermia During Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related SurgeryVolume 30, Issue 2 , Pages 159-164, February 2014 Joo Han Oh, M.D., Ph.D., Joon Yub Kim, M.D., Seok Won Chung, M.D., Ji Soon Park, M.D., Do Hun Kim, M.D., Sung Hoon Kim, M.D., Mi Ja Yun, M.D., Ph.D.   Setting and objective: This was a level I randomized control […]

Double Bundle ACL Reconstruction does not prevent progression to OA

Am J Sports Med. 2013 Oct;41(10):2340-6. doi: 10.1177/0363546513498998. Epub 2013 Aug 19. Progression of osteoarthritis after double- and single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Song EK, Seon JK, Yim JH, Woo SH, Seo HY, Lee KB. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23959965 AIM: to evaluate whether double bundle ACL reconstruction has beneficial effects over single bundle ACL reconstruction in the prevention of OA of knee STUDY DESIGN: […]

Dexamethasone useful in postoperative period of Joint Arthroplasty

      Dexamethasone Reduces Length of Hospitalization and Improves Postoperative Pain and Nausea After Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial Jeffrey R. Backes, MD, Jared C. Bentley, MD, Joel R. Politi, MD, Bryan T. Chambers, MD Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 8, Supplement , Pages 11-17, September 2013 Level 1 Randomised Control Trial     Summary: A level I randomized […]

Computer Navigation does not offer any advantage in Total Hip Replacement

Acetabular Component Positioning in Total Hip Arthroplasty With and Without a Computer-Assisted System: A Prospective, Randomized and Controlled Study Henrique M.C. Gurgel, PhD, Alberto T. Croci, PhD, Henrique A.B.A. Cabrita, PhD, José Ricardo N. Vicente, PhD, Marcos C. Leonhardt, João Carlos Rodrigues The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 1 , Pages 167-171, January 2014 Aim: To study the acetabular component positioning using imageless navigation compared with […]

Single Radius TKA implants better than multi radii knee implants

Lengthening the moment arm of the patella confers enhanced extensor mechanism power following total knee arthroplasty David F. Hamilton*, A. Hamish R.W. Simpson, Richard Burnett, James T. Patton, Matthew Moran, Nicholas D. Clement, Colin R. Howie, Paul Gaston Article first published online: 20 MAR 2013DOI: 10.1002/jor.22344   Journal of Orthopaedic Research Volume 31, Issue 8, pages 1201–1207, August 2013 Quality of Evidence: Therapy Level 2 Randomised […]

Highly cross linked polyethylene does not offer any advantage in TKA

Highly Crosslinked Polyethylene Does Not Reduce the Wear in Total Knee Arthroplasty: In Vivo Study of Particles in Synovial Fluid Pedro Hinarejos, MD, PhD, Ignasi Piñol, MD, Alberto Torres, MD, Eva Prats, MD, Gabriel Gil-Gómez, PhD, Lluis Puig-Verdie, MD, PhD The Journal of Arthroplasty Volume 28, Issue 8 , Pages 1333-1337, September 2013 Level of Evidence: Therapeutic  level 2 Randomised Control Trial Aim of the study The […]

BMP-2 may lead to Cancer

Cancer Risk After Use of Recombinant Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 for Spinal Arthrodesis   Eugene J. Carragee, MD1; Gilbert Chu, ; Rajat Rohatgi, Eric L. Hurwitz, DC, Bradley K. Weiner, S. Tim Yoon, Garet Comer,  Branko Kopjar, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 450 Broadway Street, Pavilion C, 4th Floor, Redwood City, CA […]